Top 6 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South Africa
South Africa is among the few countries that preserve its cultural, natural and historical ruins. There are 9 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South Africa. The UNESCO world heritage sites in South Africa represent the rich cultural and natural beauty. The tourists visit the country in large number not only to visit the wonderful cities but also to explore such beautiful destination.So let us have a look at the top 6 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South Africa.
iSimangaliso (Formerly Greater St Lucia) Wetland Park, KwaZulu-Natal
The iSimangaliso Wetland Park is home to many species of animals. One can spot the hippopotamus, elephants, whales and many other animal species. The park also has around 521 species of birds. The Wetland Park attracts a large number of tourists every year. What makes this park unique is the 5 different types of ecosystem in place. The different ecosystems are as follows: lake system, marine system, Mkuze and Umfolozi swamps, eastern shores and the western shores.
Cradle of Humankind, Gauteng
The historical remains at Cradle of Humankind make it one of the top world heritage site. This place has more than 3 dozens of limestone caves. The fossils found in the caves are 2.3 million years old. Recently a skull of a young male was discovered here. It is said to be 2 million years old. The Cradle of Humankind is located 50 km. northwest of Johannesburg. Thousands of tourists visit here annually.
Robben Island, Western Cape
The Robben Island was declared a world heritage site in the year 1999. The island has a long history dating back to the roots of South Africa. South African President Nelson Mandela spent 18 years in prison here. The museum and Nelson Mandela’s prison are the main attractions for the visitors. In fact, the prison where Nelson Mandela was kept is left in its original state and no changes have been made to it.
The Castle of Big Hope, Western Cape
The Castle of Big Hope is one of the oldest colonial buildings in South Africa. The castle is one of the best-preserved monuments. The castle was established at the Cape of Good Hope as maritime replenishment station. It served the purpose of welcoming the sailors travelling for six months or more. The castle was declared a National Monument in the year 1936. It is one of the major attractions among the tourist in South Africa and they flock here in large numbers.
Vredefort Dome, Free State
Spread across 300 km., Vredefort Dome is one of the world’s famous heritage sites. Vredefort Dome is known for the spot that was left behind by the impact of an asteroid on the earth. This is among the few places on earth that faced single energy release event. An asteroid measuring 5 to 10 km. hit this place around 2 million years back. This event lead to the formation of a crater on the earth. Many scientists and tourists visit the site each year to acknowledge this place.
Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape, Northern Cape
Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape is one the rare places on earth that has the right interaction between nature and humans. The Richtersveld acts as a pastoral land for the Nama’s for grazing their animals. They keep moving around different places with their livestock. The Nama community is known to perfectly utilize the ecosystem of earth. They keep moving to mountains and rivers according to the different seasons to feed the animals. They form an important part of the South African culture.
So aren’t you amazed knowing the top World Heritage Sites in South Africa? If you want to know about more UNESCO World Heritage sites, keep following our blog. You can also subscribe to our blog to get quick updates on new blog topics.
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